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South Carolina Cavalry Units in the War of the Rebellion

This is, at best, a start to a listing of the South Carolina units which served during the War of the Rebellion. It is drawn from many – and often conflicting – sources. The units are in the following order: artillery, cavalry, infantry, and then the Reserve and miscellaneous units. There is also a list of South Carolina units of by their Local Designation. The South Carolina regiments of the United States Colored Troops are found in the appropriate section along with the Confederate units.

Within each major grouping, the order is regiment, battalion and then company. Not the ideal, but over the years that was essentially how I recorded the information. Whenever possible I have listed the sub-units (companies or batteries) to the regiments and as much information as possible on each company. As can be expected, for most there is relatively little and for others it is almost overwhelming. The commanders and field officers are listed for the sole purpose of helping sort out units and not tracing ancestors; it is often the only means of sorting out "who's (or might be) who."

This is the unintended result of work done on the antebellum and postbellum South Carolina Militia organizations, not a distinct effort to list South Carolina units which served during the War of the Rebellion. The original effort only took several weeks and concentrated on the units that served within South Carolina. The units that served outside South Carolina were initially of little interest to my study, but to maintain consistency and some level of uniformity their assignments and campaigns are covered here as well.

The references used to compile this listing are many and varied. The primary source was The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Another excellent source was Stewart Sifakis' Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia, published by Facts on File in 1995. At a later point I shall publish a bibliography on the Palmetto Soldiers which will include reference material covering the War of the Rebellion.

Date for this information is: 8 July 1998.

Any errors in this listing are solely my responsibility.

Cavalry Regiments, Squadrons, Battalions, Troops, And Companies

Dismounted Dragoon Battalion

Field Officer: Major J. Jonathan Lucas.

Organized in February 1861; initially composed of two companies.

A Company

B Company

C Company

D Company

E Company

Pringle's Company: Captain Robert Pringle

Gary's Company: Captain John H. Gary

Hampton Legion

Field Officers: Colonel Wade Hampton; Colonel Martin W. Gary; Colonel Thomas M. Logan;

Lieutenant Colonel Robert B. Arnold; Lieutenant Colonel James B. Griffin; Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin I. Johnson; Major Matthew C. Butler; Major James Conner; Major J. Hervey Dingle, Jr; Major Stephen D. Lee; Major Benjamin E. Nicholson.

Organized on 12 June 1861, with a battalion each of cavalry, infantry, and artillery; the battalions, however, did not serve together; Seven Days Battles, Cavalry Battalion; the Cavalry Battalion was consolidated with 2nd South Carolina Cavalry during the Summer of 1862; First Manassas, Infantry Battalion; Seven Pines, 370 engaged; Sharpsburg; North Carolina; Chickamauga; Knoxville; in May 1862 the Infantry Battalion was reorganized, mounted, and consolidated with the 2nd South Carolina Volunteer Cavalry; in April 1862 had 658 officers and men present; Gaines Mill; Second Manassas; Maryland Campaign; Wauhatchie.

Hampton Legion Infantry Battalion as organized at First Manassas:

A Company, Washington Light Infantry, Charleston

B Company, Davis Guards, Greenville

C Company, Gist Riflemen, Union,

D Company, Bozeman Guards, Greenville

E Company, Watson Guards, Edgefield

F Company, Manning Guards, Clarendon

Hampton Legion Infantry Battalion as later organized:

A Company, Washington Light Infantry, Charleston: Captain James Conner

B Company, Watson Guards, Edgefield: Captain M.W. Gary

C Company, Manning Guards, Clarendon: Captain B. Manning

D Company, Gist Guards, Gist Rifles, Union: Captain H.J. Smith

E Company, Bozeman Guards, Greenville: Captain T.L. Boseman

F Company, Davis Guards, Greenville: Captain W.M.L. Austin; Captain J.S. Austin

G Company, Claremont Rifles: Captain James G. Spann

H Company, South Carolina Zouave Rifles, Zouave Volunteers, Richland: Captain L.C. McCord

I Company: Captain James Hawthorne

K Company, South Carolina Battalion: Captain John H. Bowen

Hampton Legion Artillery Battalion:

A Company, Washington Artillery, Charleston: Captain Stephen D. Lee, took command 31 August 1861; Captain James F. Hart took command on 31 October 1861

B Company, German Light Artillery, Charleston: Captain W.K. Bachman

Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion

Organized on 12 June 1861 with four companies. Later consolidated with the 4th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion and two independent cavalry companies on 22 August 1862 and redesignated the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment. Field Officer: Major M. Caldwell Buter. Assignments: Cavalry Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia, May – July 1862; Hampton's Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia, July – August 1862. Battles: Yorktown Siege, April – May 1862; Williamsburg, skirmish, 4 May 1862; Seven Days Battes, 25 June – 1 July 1862.

Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion as organized at First Manassas;

A Company, Brooks Troop, Greenville

B Company, Edgefield Hussars, Edgefield

C Company, Beaufort District Troop, Beaufort

Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion as later organized:

A Company, Edgefield Hussars, Edgefield: Captain M.C. Butler

B Company, Brooks Troop, Greenville: Captain J.F. Lanneau

C Company, Beaufort District Troop, Beaufort: Captain T.E. Screven

D Company, Congaree Troop, Richland: Captain Thomas Taylor

E Company

F Company

G Company

H Company, Fairfield: Captain Thomas Taylor

Miller's Company, Richland: Captain D.B. Miller

1st South Carolina Cavalry Regiment

Field Officers: Colonel John L. Black; Lieutenant Colonel John D. Twiggs; Lieutenant Colonel William A. Walker; Major Niles Nesbitt; Major Moses T. Owens; Adjutant C.H. Ragsdale; Quartermaster H.L. Mason; Quartermaster James Henderson; Commissary W.A. Peden; Surgeon Charles Pinckney; Surgeon Joseph Yates; Assistant Surgeon Sams; Assistant Surgeon Whaley; Chaplain Richard Johnson.

Organized during October 1861, using the 1st South Carolina Cavalry Battalion as the nucleus; originally organized with Companies A – F, Companies G – H – I added in early 1862, K Company being added in June 1862; reorganized on 25 June 1862 as 1st South Carolina Cavalry Regiment; South Carolina; Virginia; Chambersburg; Fredericksburg; Brandy Station; Upperville; Gettysburg, 339 effectives; Bristoe; Kellys Ford; Mine Run; Savannah; the Carolinas Campaign; 46 present for duty in February 1865. Engagements: Brandy Station, 9 June 1863; Upperville, 11 August 1863; Rockville; Gettyburg; near Funktown, Maryland; Second Brandy Station, 1 August 1863; Hamilton's Crossing; James Island; Florence; Moccasin Creek; Hillsboro; Charleston; surrendered 26 April 1865 at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina, as part of the forces under General Joseph E. Johnston.

Assignments: 2nd Military District of South Carolina, June – August 1862; 3rd Military District of South Carolina, September 1862; Hampton’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia, November 1862 – September 1863; W.H.F. Lee’s Brigade, F. Lee’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, September 1863; Butler’s – Young’s Brigade, Hampton’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, September 1863 – March 1864; Taliaferro’s Brigade, July – December 1864; Harrison’s Brigade, December 1864; McLaw’s Division Cavalry, January 1865; Harrison’s Brigade, McLaw’s Division, January 1865; Elliott’s Brigade, Taliaferro’s Division, Hardee’s Corps, January – February 1865; Harrison’s Brigade, McLaw’s Division, Hardee’s Corps, detachment, January – February 1865; Logan’s Brigade, Butler’s Division, Hampton’s Cavalry Command, March – April 1865; Logan’s brigade, Butler’s Division, Hampton’s Cavalry Command, Army of Tennessee, April 1865.

Battles: Dumfries, detachment, 12 December 1862; Fredericksburg, 13 December 1862; on the Occoquan River, skirmish, 19 December 1862; raid on Dumfries and Fairfax Station, 27 – 29 December 1862; Brandy Station, 9 June 1863; Gettysburg, 1 –3 July 1863; Hunterstown, 2 July 1863; Bristoe Campaign, 9 – 22 October 1863; Mine Run Campaign, November – December 1863; Champman’s Fort, Ashepoo River, 26 May 1864; Carolinas Campaign, February – April 1865; Moccasin Swamp, 10 April 1865.

A Company, Albemarle South Carolina Cavalry: Captain M.T. Owens; Captain S.H. Jones

B Company, Ferguson Rangers: Captain Niles Nesbitt; Captain W.J. (Leak) Leake

C Company, Edgefield Rangers: Captain J.D. Twiggs; Captain Thomas W. Whatley

D Company, Chester Troop: Captain W.A. Walker; Captain J.S. (John F.?) Wilson

E Company, Fort Motte Rangers: Captain Jesse Davis Trezevant. Assignment: Unattached, Taliaferro’s Division, Hardee’s Corps, January – February 1865.

F Company, Pickens: Captain Elam Sharpe; Captain A.T. Clayton

G Company: Captain L.J. Johnson

H Company: Captain Robin (Robert?) ApC. (H.R.C./R.C.?) Jones; Captain James A. Ratchford

I Company, Round O Troop: Captain John R.P. Fox; Captain Fred Horsey

K Company: Lieutenant F.A. Sitgreaves; Captain Angus P. Brown. Assignments: Ripley’s Brigade, July – November 1864; Mercer’s brigade, Wright’s Division, Hardee’s Corps, January – February 1865.

As originally organized and formed as 1st Cavalry Battalion:

A Company, Spartanburg and Laurens: Captain Niles Nesbitt

B Company, Abbeville: Captain M.T. Owens

C Company, Edgefield and Barnwell: Captain John D. Twiggs

D Company, Chester: Captain W.A. Walker

E Company, Orangeburg: Captain J.D. Trezevant

F Company, Pickens and Oconee: Captain Elam Sharp

G Company, Abbeville: Captain L.J. Johns

H Company, York: Captain R.A. Jones

I Company, Colleton: Captain John R. Fox

K Company, York, Chester, Barnwell and Edgefield: Captain A.P. Brown

2nd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment, "Hampton Cavalry Legion," Butler's Regiment, Lipscomb's Regiment

Field Officers: Colonel Matthew C. (Caldwell) Butler; Colonel Thomas J. Lipscomb; Lieutenant Colonel W. (William) K. Easley; Lieutenant Colonel Frank Hampton; Lieutenant Colonel Thomas E. Screven; Adjutant James W. Moore; Quartermaster James N. Lipscomb; Commissary Smith B. Blocker; Surgeon B.W. Taylor; Assistant Surgeon H.W. Moore.

Organized during the Summer of 1862, 22 August 1862, by the consolidation of the 4th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion (also known as the 3rd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion), the Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion (four troops), Easley's Squadron (4 troops), the Boykin Rangers (Captain Boykin), and the Bonham Light Dragoons (Captain Lipscomb); organization completed on 9 September at Urbana, Maryland; Troops B, H, I and K formed from Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion; Sharpsburg; Fredericksburg; Brandy Station, 220 effectives; Upperville; Gettysburg, 186 effectives; Bristoe; Mine Run; Todds Tavern; The Wilderness; Ground Squirrel Church; Brooks Church; in May 1864, Hampton Legion Infantry Battalion mounted and consolidated with the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment, unit redesignated the Hampton Cavalry Legion; Cold Harbor; James River; Appomattox; surrendered 14 officer and 225 enlisted men.

Assignments: Hampton’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Division, August 1862 – September 1863; Butler’s – Young’s Brigade, Hampton’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, September 1863 -–March 1864; Robertson’s Brigade, July – November 1864; Hoke’s Division Cavalry, Department of North Carolina, January 1865; Cavalry, District of the Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina, January – February 1865; Cavalry, Department of North Carolina, February 1865; Hoke’s Division Cavalry, Department of North Carolina, March 1865; Cavalry, Department of North Carolina, March – April 1865; Logan’s Brigade, Butler’s Division, Hampton’s Cavalry Command, Army of Tennessee, April 1865.

Battles: Sharpsburg, 17 September 1862; Stuart’s expedition into Maryland and Pennsylvania, detachment, 9 – 12 October 1862; near Hartwood Church, skirmish, detachment, 28 November 1862; Dumfries, detachment, 12 December 1862; Fredericksburg, 13 December 1862; on the Occoquan River, skirmish, 19 December 1862; raid on Dumfries and Fairfax Station, 27 – 29 December 1862; Brandy Station, 9 June 1863; Upperville, 21 June 1863; Bristoe Campaign, 9 – 22 October 1863; Mine Run Campaign, November – December 1863; 2nd Fort Fisher, 13 – 15 January 1865.

A Company, Boykin Rangers, Hampton Scouts, Independent Mounted Rangers, Mounted Rangers, Kershaw: Captain A.H. (Alexander Hamilton) Boykin; Captain John A. Chesnut

B Company, Beaufort District Troop, Beaufort Dragoons, Beaufort: Captain Thomas E. Screven; Captain Abram M. Ruth

C Company, Richland: Captain Frank Hampton; Captain John Meigham; B Company 4th SC Cavalry Battalion

D Company, Wassamassaw Cavalry, Charleston: Captain J.C. McKewn; Captain A.J. Hydrick; organized 7 February 1862; D Company 4th SC Cavalry Battalion

E Company, Spartanburg: Captain Alvin H. Dean; Captain George B. Dean; organized 29 January 1862; C Company 4th SC Cavalry Battalion

F Company, Pickens: Captain W.K. Easley; Captain John Westerfield; Captain J.W. Gary (?); A Company 4th SC Battalion

G Company: Captain J. Wister Gary. Assignments: Ripley’s Brigade, July 1864; Trapier’s Brigade, October – November 1864.

H Company, Congaree Troop, Richland: Captain Jas. P. McFie

I Company, Edgefield Hussars, Edgefield: Captain Matthew C. Butler; Captain Jeremiah J. Bunch; Captain Tillman Clark(; Captain J.H. Clarke?)

K Company, Brooks Troop, Greenville: Captain John F. Lanneau; Captain Leonard Williams

3rd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment

Field Officers: Colonel Charles J. Colcock; Lieutenant Colonel Thomas H. Johnson; Major John Jenkins; Adjutant W.F. Colcock; Adjutant T.H. Colcock.

Organized during the Spring of 1862 at Charleston; organized as a regiment on 19 July 1862; organized from the 3rd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, which was organized from the consolidation of seven independent companies, which was also known as the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion; with three addition companies formed the new unit was organized as the 3rd South Carolina Cavalry

Regiment; the 8th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion later incorporated into the regiment; South Carolina; served usually as detachments of one or two, five or six companies; Savannah; surrendered 26 April 1865 at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina, as part of the forces under General Joseph E. Johnston.

Assignments: 3rd Military District of South Carolina, July 1862 – July 1864; McLaw’s Division, July 1864 – January 1865.

Battles: Coosawhatchie, 22 – 23 October 1862; Expedition from Fort Pulaski to Bluffton, A – B and G Companies, 4 June 1863; John’s Island, 28 December 1863; Savannah Campaign, November – December 1865; Honey Hill, 30 November 1864; Carolinas Campaign, February – April 1865.

A Company, Marion Men of Combahee: Captain A.M. Lowry

B Company, Colleton Rangers: Captain Archibald L. Campbell. Assignments: Robertson’s Brigade, November 1864; Harrison’s Command, Taliaferro’s Brigade, December 1864.

C Company, Beaufort District Troop: Captain John H. Howard; Captain T.G. Buckner. Assignment: Chesnut’s Command, Taliferro’s Brigade, December 1864.

D Company, Barnwell Dragoons: Captain B.W. Lawton; Captain G.H. Kirkland

E Company, Calhoun Mounted Men: Captain Alfred M. Martin; Captain Henry C. Raysor. Assignment: Chesnut’s Command, Taliaferro’s Brigade, December 1864.

F Company, St. Peters Guards, Rebel Troop: Captain Henry C. Smart. Battle: South Newport, 17 August 1864.

G Company, German Hussars: Captain Theodore Cordes; Captain Charles Fremler

H Company, Ashley Dragoons, Ashley Rangers: Captain Ashley J. Colcock; Captain C.J. Colcock; Captain George C. Heyward; G Company 2nd SC Cavalry Battalion; G Company 3rd SC Cavalry Battalion

I Company, Rebel Troop: Captain John Jenkins; Captain John L. Seabrook. Assignments: 2nd Military District of South Carolina, March – November 1863; 6th Military District of South Carolina, December 1863 – May 1864; Jenkins’ Command, Taliaferro’s Brigade, December 1864.

K Company, Savannah River Guards: Captain Thomas H. Johnson; Captain A.B. Estes; Captain W.B. Peeples. Assignments: 1st Military District of South Carolina, March – May 1863; Jenkins’ Command, Taliaferro’s Brigade, December 1864.

4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment, Rutledge Cavalry

Field Officers: Colonel Benjamin Huger Rutledge; Lieutenant Colonel William Stokes; Major William P. Emanuel; Adjutant Gabriel E. Manigault.

Organized 16 December 1862 by the consolidation of the 10th and 12th South Carolina Cavalry Battalions; in Virginia in March 1864 with 1350 officers and men; The Wilderness; Cold Harbor; James River; South Carolina; surrendered less than 200 effectives; surrendered 26 April 1865 at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina, as part of the forces under General Joseph E. Johnston.

Assignments: 3rd Military District of South Carolina, December 1862 – March 1864; 1st Military District of South Carolina, four companies, December 1862 – March 1863; Butler’s – Dunovant’s Brigade, Hampton’s – Butler’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, May 1864 – January 1865; Butler’s Brigade, Butler’s Division, Hampton’s Cavalry Command, January – April 1865; Logan’s Brigade, Butler’s Division, Hampton’s Cavalry Command, Army of Tennessee, April 1865.

Battles: Black River, 13 August 1862; destruction of the George Washington near Beaufort, 9 April 1863; Combahee River, 2 June 1863; near Lowndes Mill, Combahee River, 13 – 14 September 1863; near Cunningham’s Bluff, 24 November 1863; The Wilderness, 5 – 6 May 1864; Spotsylvania Court House, 8 – 21 May 1864; North Anna, 23 – 26 May 1864; Haw’s Shop, 28 May 1864; Cold Harbor, 1 – 3 June 1864; Petersburg Siege, June 1864 – April 1865; Vaughan Road, 1 October 1864; Carolinas Campaign, February – April 1865.

A Company: Captain James C. Craig

B Company: Captain Osborn Barber. Battle: expedition from Fort Pulaski to Bluffton, 4 June 1863.

C Company: Captain John C. Calhoun

D Company, St. James Mounted Riflemen, Independent Mounted Riflemen: Captain Thomas Pinckney; A Company St. James Mounted Riflemen attached to 6th SC Infantry Battalion

E Company, Marlboro: Captain William P. Emmanuel; Captain Henry Edens; Captain Peter L. Breedon

F Company, E M Dragoons: Captain D. Moore; Captain H. Godbold; Captain W.C. Hewett; Captain W.B. Evans

G Company: Captain William Stokes; Captain William P. Appleby

H Company: Captain J.D. McIlwain; Captain J.W. McIlwain; Captain J.C. Foster

I Company, Williamsburg Light Dragoons: Captain J.C. Wilson (?); Captain John Watson; Captain G.P. Nelson; Captain S.J. Snowden

K Company, Charleston Light Dragoons: Captain R.H. Colcock; Captain Benjamin Huger Rutledge. Assignments: 5th Sub-division, 1st Military District of South Carolina, August – September 1863; Unattached, 1st Military District of South Carolina, September 1863; 5th Military District of South Carolina, December 1863 – March 1864.

5th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment

Field Officers: Colonel Samuel W. Ferguson; Colonel Zimmerman Davis; Colonel John Dunovant; Lieutenant Colonel John C. Edwards; Lieutenant Colonel Robert J. Jeffords; Major Joseph H. Morgan; Adjutant Theodore A. Jeffords.

Organized on 18 January 1863 by consolidating Jefford's and Morgan's Battalions, Whilden's Company, Harlan's Company, and the 14th and 17th South Carolina Cavalry Battalions; South Carolina; sent to Virginia in March 1864 with 1200 effectives; The Wilderness; Cold Harbor campaign; James River; Carolinas Campaign; surrendered 26 April 1865 at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina, as part of the forces under General Joseph E. Johnston.

Assignments: 3rd Military District of South Carolina, January – March 1863; 1st Military District of South Carolina, May – July 1863; 1st Sub-division, 1st Military District of South carolina, three companies, July – October 1863; District of the Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina, two companies, July – September 1863; District of the Cape Fear, two companies, September 1863 – April 1864; Eastern Division Cavalry, 7th Military District of South Carolina, four companies, October 1863 – January 1864; 3rd Military District of South Carolina, one company, December 1863 – March 1864; 7th Military District of South Carolina, four companies, January – April 1864; District of the Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina, two companies, April 1864; Butler's – Dunovant's Brigade, Butler's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, May 1864 – January 1865; Butler's Brigade, Butler's Division, Hampton's Cavalry Command, January – April 1865; Logan's Brigade, Butler's Division, Hampton's Cavalry Command, Army of Tennessee, April 1865.

Battles: near Grimball's Landing, James Island, 30 July 1863; The Wilderness, 5 – 6 May 1864; Spotsylvania Court House, 8 – 21 May 1864; North Anna, 23 – 26 May 1864; Haw's Shop, 28 May 1864; Cold Harbor, 1 – 3 June 1864; Petersbug Siege, June 1864 – April 1865; Vaughan Road, 1 October 1864; Burgess' Mill, 27 October 1864; Carolinas Campaign, February – April 1865.

A Company, Orangeburg: Captain J.C. Edwards; Captain T.A. Jeffords; B Company 14th SC Cavalry Battalion

B Company, Dixie Rangers, Beaufort: Captain A.B. Mulligan

C Company, Beech Hill Rangers, Colleton: Captain W.G. Smith; Captain G.W. Raysor

D Company, South Carolina Rangers, Charleston: Captain George Turner; Captain Zimmerman Davis; Captain Robert J. Jeffords. Assignments: 5th Sub-division, 1st Military District of South Carolina, July – October 1863; 3rd Military District of South Carolina, October – November 1863; 2nd Military District of South Carolina, December 1863 – March 1864.

E Company, St. James Mounted Riflemen, Santee Mounted Rangers, Independent Mounted Riflemen, St. James Santee Mounted Riflemen, Charleston: Captain Louis A. Whilden; Captain Thomas Pinckney; Captain Joseph L. Inglesby; B Company St. James Mounted Riflemen. Assignments: 2nd Sub-divison, 1st Military District of South Carolina, July – October 1863; 1st Military District of South Carolina, October – November 1863; 6th Military District of South Carolina, January – March 1864.

F Company, Lexington: Captain A. Henry Caughman; Captain Wesley F. Caughman. Assignments: 4th Military District of South Carolina, June – August 1863; 1st Sub-division, 1st Military District of South Carolina.

G Company, Willington Rangers, Charleston: Captain B. Warren McTureous; Captain William L. Disher

H Company, Sumter Guerrillas, Sumter: Captain E.M. Bradham; Captain Richard M. Skinner; Captain William Nettles. Assignments: 5th Sub-division, 1st Military District of South Carolina, July – October 1863; 5th Military District of South Carolina, October - November 1863; 5th Military District of South Carolina, December 1863 – March 1864.

I Company, Barnwell and Orangeburg: Captain T.W. Tyler; Captain James W. Reed; Captain P.A. Raysor. Assignment: 4th Military District of South Carolina, June – October 1863; 6th Military District of South Carolina, January – March 1864.

K Company, Mountain Rangers, Spartanburg and Union: Captain Joseph G. Harlan. Assigment: 5th Military District ot South Carolina, October – November 1863.

6th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment, "Dixie Rangers," Aiken's Partisan Corps

Field Officers: Colonel Hugh K. Aiken; Lieutenant Colonel Lovick P. Miller; Major T. (Thomas) B. Ferguson; Adjutant Robert Aldrich.

Organized 19 January 1863 using the 16th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion as the nucleus; Willston; Pon Pon; sent to Virginia with approximately 1000 men; The Wilderness; Cold Harbor; James River; the Carolinas Campaign; surrendered 26 April 1865 at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina, as part of the forces under General Joseph E. Johnston.

Assigments: 2nd Military District of South Carolina, January 1863 – March 1864; 6th Military District of South Carolina, one company, January – May 1864; Butler's – Dunovant's Brigade, Butler's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, May 1864 – January 1865; Butler's Brigade, Butler's Division, Hampton's Cavalry Command, January – April 1865; Logan's Brigade, Butler's Division, Hampton's Cavalry Comand, Army of Tennessee.

Battles: Willstown Bluff, Pon Pon River, 10 July 1863; The Wilderness, 5 –6 May 1864; Spotsylvania Court House, 8 – 21 May 1864; North Anna, 3 – 26 May 1864; Cold Harbor, 1 – 3 June 1864; Petersburg Siege, June 1864 – April 1865; Vaughan Road, 1 October 1864; Carolinas Campaign, February – April 1865; near Darlington, 27 February 1865; Solomon's Grove, 9 March 1865; Monroe's Crossroads, 10 March 1865.

A Company, Carolina Guerrillas: Captain Milton A. Sullivan. Assignment: 6th Military District of South Carolina, December 1863 – January 1864.

B Company, Partisan Rangers: Captain Lewis Jones; Captain James J. Gregg

C Company, Partisan Rangers: Captain Peter W. Goodwyn

D Company, Partisan Rangers: Captain William M. Hale

E Company, Partisan Rangers: Captain James P. Knight

F Company, Cadet Rangers, the Cadet Company: Captain Moses P. Humphrey. Assignment: 6th Military District of South Carolina, December 1863 – January 1864.

G Company, Partisan Rangers: Captain John R. Miot

H Company: Captain John J. Maguire

I Company: Captain Joe N. Whitner

K Company: Captain M.J. Hough

7th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment

Field Officers: Colonel Alexander C. Haskell; Colonel W.P. Shingler; Lieutenant Colonel Isaac G. McKissick; Major Edward M. Boykin.

Organized during the period 18 March 1864 through May 1864 by consolidating five independent cavalry companies, two companies of Rutledge's Squadron of Mounted Rifles, the cavalry battalion of the Holcombe Legion, two companies of Tucker's Squadron, one company of Boykin's Squadron of Mounted Riflemen, and the 2nd Company of Trenholm's Squadron, per Special Order Number 65, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office; James River; surrendered 9 April at Appomattox Court House with 22 officers and 398 enlisted men.

Assignments: Gary's Cavalry Brigade, Department of Richmond, June 1864 – January 1865; Gary's Brigade, F. Lee's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, January – April 1865.

Battles: Petersburg Siege, June 1864 – April 1865; New Market Heights, 29 September 1864; Roper's Farm, 30 Setember 1864; Sayler's Creek, 6 April 1865; Appomattox Court House, 9 April 1865.

A Company, Marion Men of Winyah, Tucker's Cavalry: Captain John Tucker; Captain John McDonald

B Company, Rutledge Mounted Rifles: Captain William L. Trenholm; A Company, Horse Artillery

C Company: Captain Isaac McKissick; Captain John Palmer

D Company: Captain Alex R. Taylor; B Company Holcombe Legion

E Company: Captain J. Wash. Williams

F Company: Captain W.L. Wallace

G Company: Captain J.J. Magee; Captain Wm. Henry Jeffers

G Company, Rutledge Mounted Rifles: Captain L.J. Walker; B Company, Horse Artillery

H Company, Kirkwood Cavalry, Kirkwood Rangers, Camden Rangers

H Company, Brooks Infantry, Partisan Rangers: Captain Wm. Shannon

I Company: Captain Thomas V. Walsh; Captain Robert C. Webb; Captain J. Franklin Bradford

K Company: Captain Edward M. Boykin

Holcombe Legion

Field Officers: Colonel P.F. Stevens; Colonel W. Pinckney Shingler; Colonel William J. Crawley; Colonel Stephen Elliott; Lieutenant Colonel F.G. Palmer; Lieutenant Colonel Thomas V. Walsh; Major A.C. Garlington; Major Martin G. Zeigler.

Organized during November 1861 for State defense with a battalion each of cavalry and infantry; the cavalry battalion was composed of four companies, and was eventually consolidated with the 7th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment; the infantry battalion was originally composed of eight companies, later increased to ten companies; South Carolina; Virginia; Second Manassas; South Mountain; Sharpsburg; Maryland Campaign; North Carolina; Mississippi; Jackson; Charleston; sent to Virginia in the Spring of 1864; Petersburg; James River; Appomattox; in September 1863, 276 men present; surrendered 2 officers and 30 enlisted men.

Holcombe Legion Infantry Battalion:

A Company: Captain Wm. J. Smith; Captain Thomas C. Brady

B Company: Captain James F. Sloan

C Company, Morgan Rifles: Captain James A. Tolleson; Captain J. Earl Bower; Captain Joseph W. Box

D Company: Captain William J. Crawley

E Company, Camden Rangers: Captain William P. Roebuck; Andrew B. Woodruff

F Company: Captain M. Govan Zugles

G Company: Captain Joe B. Heller; Captain J.E. Brennan; Captain B.B. McCreary; Captain John Williams

H Company: Captain James M. Maffatt; Captain Jacob Warner; Captain Henry S. Boozer

I Company: Captain William P. Bishop; Captain Thomas B. Marvin

Ripley Guards

Bomar's Company: Captain J.E. Bomar

Bishop's Company: Captain William P. Bishop

Holcombe Legion Cavalry Battalion

Organized with four companies 21 November 1861; redesignated as 7th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment on 18 March 1864, Special Orders Number 65, Adjutant and Inspector General's Officer. Field Officer: Lieutenant Colonel Wm. P. Shingler. Assignments: 3rd Military District of South Carolina, May – June 1862; 2nd Military District of South Carolina, June – July 1862; Unattached, Department of Noth Carolina and Southern Virginia, September – December 1862; Wise's Brigade, Elzey's Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, December 1862 – April 1863; Wise's Brigade, Department of Richmond, April – September 1863; Hunton's Brigade, Department of Richmond, September 1863 – March 1864. Battle: Edisto Island, detachment, 29 March 1862.

A Company, Clarement Cavalry: Captain Thomas V. Walsh

B Company: Captain A.R. Taylor

C Company, Newberry Rangers: Captain John R. Spearman

D Company, McKissick's Rangers, Union: Captain J.G. McKissick

E Company, Kirkwood Rangers

1st South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Field Officers: Lieutenant Colonel John L. Black; Major John D. Twiggs; Major J.H. Morgan (?).

Organized initially with six companies; Special Orders 198, Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office; increased to nine companies in early 1862; 25 June 1862 consolidated and redesignated as the 1st Cavalry Regiment. Assignments: Department of South Carolina, October – November 1961; Department of South Carolina and Georgia, November – December 1861; 3rd Military District of South Carolina, December 1861 – May 1862; 2nd Military District of South Carolina, May – June 1862. Battles: Pocotaglio, skirmish, 29 May 1862; Johns Island, skirmish, 7 June 1862.

A Company, Spartanburg and Laurens: Captain Niles Nesbitt

B Company, Abbeville: Captain M.T. Owens

B Company, Ferguson Rangers

C Company, Edgefield and Barnwell: Captain John D. Twiggs

D Company, Chester: Captain W.A. Walker

E Company, Orangeburg: Captain J.D. Trezevant

F Company, Pickens and Oconee: Captain Elam Sharp

G Company, Abbeville: Captain L.J. Johns

2nd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Field Officer: Major James P. Adams.

Organized during January 1862.

A Company, Catawba Rangers: Captain J.D. McIlwain

B Company, Calhoun Troop: Captain J.C. Calhoun

C Company, Palmetto Rangers: Captain O. Barber

D Company, Evans Light Dragoons: Captain William Stokes

2nd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, Morgan's Cavalry Battalion

3rd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, James' Battalion

Field Officers: Lieutenant Colonel George S. James; Major William G. Rice; Adjutant William C. Harris.

A Company: Captain W.R. Grice; Captain J. Milton Townsend

B Company: Captain John G. Williams; Captain Rhett B. Lipton; Captain D. Allen Watson; Captain William A. Wells; Captain Wesley S. Pitts

C Company: Captain James J. Shumate; Captain William L. Hudgens; Captain George M. Irby

D Company: Captain George M. Gunnels

E Company: Captain Wilmotte Hunter; Captain William W. Fowles

F Company: Captain D.B. Miller

G Company: Captain A.P. Irby; Captain B.M. Whitner

4th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, "the Richland Cavalry"

Organized in early 1862 with four companies; incorporated into the 2nd Cavalry Regiment on 22 August 1862. Field Officers: Major William K. Easley; Major Frank Hampton. Assignments: 2nd Military District of South Carolina, April – June 1862; 1st Military District of South Carolina, June – July 1862.

A Company: Captain W.K. Easley; Captain John Westfield; F Company 2nd SC Cavalry Regiment

B Company: Captain Frank Hampton

C Company: Captain A.H. Dean; Captain George B. Dean; E Company 2nd SC Cavalry Regiment

D Company, Wassamassaw Cavalry: Captain J.C. McKewn; D Company 2nd SC Cavalry Regiment. Assignment: James Island, May – June 1862.

E Company

F Company

G Company

H Company, Catawba Rangers: Captain James D. McCutcheon; Captain William J. McIlwain; Captain John C. Foster; organized on 28 December 1861; reorganized on 6 August 1862

6th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, 17th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

8th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, 2nd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, 3rd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Field Officers: Lieutenant Colonel Charles J. Colcock; Major Thomas H. Johnson.

Organized 30 May 1862 with seven companies; reorganized as a regiment, 3rd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment on 19 July 1862.

Assignments: 6th Military District of South Carolina, May – June 1862; 1st Military District of South Carolina, one company, June – July 1862; 4th Military District of South Carolina, detachment, June – July 1862.

10th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, 3rd South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Organized in 1862 with initial strength of four companies; consolidated with the 12th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion on 16 December 1862 and redesignated as 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment.

Field Officer: Major William Stokes.

Assignments: 1st Military district of South Carolina, October – December 1862.

A Company

B Company

C Company

D Company

E Company

12th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Organized in the Spring of 1862 with an initial strength of four companies; consolidated with the 10th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion on 16 December 1862 and redesignated the 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment.

Field Officer: Major William P. Emanuel.

Assignments: 2nd Military District of South Carolina, June – July 1862; 1st Military District of South Carolina, July – December 1862.

Battle: Murray's Inlet, 4 May 1863.

A Company

B Company, Williamsburg Light Dragoons

C Company

D Company

E Company

14th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, 1st Cavalry Battalion

Organized in the Summer of 1862 with four companies; consolidated with the 17th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion on 18 January 1863 and redesignated as the 5th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment.

Field Officer: Major Joseph H. Morgan

Assignment: 2rd South Carolina Military District, September 1862 – January 1863.

Battles: Pinckney Island, detachment, 21 August 1862; Coosawhatchie, 22 – 23 October 1862.

A Company, Santee Guerrillas

B Company

C Company

D Company

E Company

15th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Oganized in late 1862. Field Officer: Major Council B. Wooten.

16th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, Partisan Rangers, 6th Cavalry Battalion

Organized in 1862 with seven companies; with additional companies added, on 19 January 1863 redesignated 6th South carolina Cavalry Regiment.

Field Officer: Lieutenant Colonel Hugh W. Aiken.

Assignment: 2nd Military District of South Carolina, September 1862 – January 1863.

A Company

B Company

C Company

D Company

E Company

F Company

G Company

17th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, 6th Cavalry Battalion

Organized during the Summer of 1862 with four companies; on 18 January 1863 consolidated with the 14th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion and redesignated as the 5th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment.

Field Officer: Major Robert J. Jeffords.

Assignment: 3rd Military District of South Carolina, September 1862 – January 1863.

Battles: Hutchinson's Island, June 1862; expedition to Fewick's Island, 9 July 1862.

A Company, South Carolina Rangers

B Company, Willington Rangers

C Company, Dixie Rangers

D Company, Beech Hill Rangers

E Company

19th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion

Organized in late 1864 with five companies; two additional companies added 22 February 1865; surrendered 26 April 1865 at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina, as part of the forces under General Joseph E. Johnston.

Field Officer: Major William L. Trenholm.

Assignments: Rhett's Brigade, Taliaferro's Division, January – February 1865; Logan's Brigade, Butler's Division, Hampton's Cavalry Comand, March – April 1865; Logan's Brigade, Butler's Division, Hampton' Cavalry Command, Army of Tennessee.

Battle: Carolinas Campaign, February – April 1865.

A Company, May River Troop: Captain M.J. Kirk

B Company, Keitts Cavalry, Keitts Mounted Riflemen

C Company, May River Troop

D Company

E Company, Ripley Rangers. Assignment: Trapier's Brigade, January – February 1865.

F Company

G Company

37th Virginia Cavalry

B Company: Captain A.C. Earle; composed of men from South Carolina

Easley's Squadron

Field Officer: Major W.K. Easley.

Charleston, January 1862

A Troop: Captain John W. Westfield

B Troop: Captain Frank Hampton

C Troop: Captain A.N. Dean

D Troop: Captain J.C. McKewn

Emanuel's Command

Composed of four troops of cavalry in the Georgetown area.

Williamsburg Light Dragoons

Felder's Squadron

Field Officer: Major Paul S. Felder.

A Troop: Captain William Nettles

B Troop: Captain W.F. Caughman

C Troop: Captain J.C. Edwards

D Troop: Captain J.W. Reed

Jeffords' Squadron

Field Officer: Major Jeffords.

Organized in April 1862.

South Carolina Rangers

Willington Rangers

Dixie Rangers

Beech Hill Rangers

Kirk's Squadron

A Company

B Company: Captain S.T. Walker

C Company

D Company

Keitt's Company: Captain Ellison S. Keitt

Rutledge Mounted Riflemen Cavalry Battalion

Organized in 1861; often referred to as a horse artillery company or battalion; Captain W.L. Trenholm; disbanded on 3 May 1864 (?). Assigments: Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, November – December 1861; 3rd Military District of South Carolina, December 1861 – May 1864. Battles: Pocotaglio, skirmish, 29 May 1862; Port Royl Ferry, detachment, 6 June 1862.

Independent Companies:

North Santee Mounted Rifles, Cordes' Company: Captain A.W. Cordes

Black River Troop, Hammetts Company: Captain W.J. N. Hammett

Stono Scouts, Walpoles Company: Captain J.B.B. Walpole

Williamsburg Light Dragoons, Wilsons Company: Captain J.C. Wilson; Captain John Watson; attached to Harllee's Legion; joined the Pee Dee Legion in July 1861